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ACTIVE: A Tool for Integrating Analysis Contracts

Ivan Ruchkin, Dio De Niz, Sagar Chaki and David Garlan.


In The 5th Analytic Virtual Integration of Cyber-Physical Systems Workshop, Rome, Italy, 2 December 2014.

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Abstract
Development of modern Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) re- lies on a number of analysis tools to verify critical properties. The Architecture Analysis and Design Language (AADL) standard provides a common architectural model to which multiple CPS analyses can be applied. Unfortunately, interaction between these analyses can invalidate their results. In this paper we present ACTIVE, a tool developed within the OSATE/AADL infrastructure to solve this problem. We analyze the problems that occur when multiple analyses are applied to an AADL model and how these problems invalidate analysis results. Interactions between analyses, implemented as OSATE plugins, are formally described in ACTIVE in order to enable automatic verification. In particular, these interactions are captured in an analysis contract consisting of inputs, outputs, assumptions, and guarantees. The inputs and outputs help determine the correct order of execution of the plugins. Assumptions capture the conditions that must be valid in order to execute an analysis plugin, while guarantees are conditions that are expected to be valid afterwards. ACTIVE allows the use of any generic verification tool (e.g., a model checker) to validate these conditions. To coordinate these activities our tool uses two components: ACTIVE EXECUTER and ACTIVE VERIFIER. ACTIVE EXECUTER invokes the analysis plugins in the required order and uses ACTIVE VERIFIER to check assumptions and guarantees. ACTIVE VERIFIER identifies and executes the verification tool that needs to be invoked based on the target formula. Together, they ensure that plugins are always executed in the correct order and under the correct conditions, guaranteeing correct results. To the best of our knowledge, ACTIVE is the first extensible framework that integrates independently-developed analysis plugins ensuring provably-correct interactions.

Keywords: Cyberphysical Systems, Formal Methods.  
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